The certification of the professional quality of the doctors, has a valuable background in Argentina, thanks to the work of different scientific entities.
From late 1990, the National Academy of Medicine understood it opportune to sponsor the articulation of the different efforts on the subject, in order to systematize the process of certification of doctors in the country (see Declaration act in el Anex I).
To achieve the proposed objectives, the Academy invited people and entities with interest and experience in the subject, to the “Symposium and Workshop on Certification of Medical Professionals”, which took place on September 20 and 21, 1991. From that encounter, a consensus emerged on the coexistence and opportunity to support the initiative of the Academy, for which purpose an Organizing Committee of the Certification Council of Medical Professionals was appointed, which during the following year had the task of laying the foundations of a procedure of national scope for the certification of doctors, supported by the task carried out up to that moment by the various entities acting in the field.
In fulfillment of these tasks, the Organizing Committee formally defined the objectives of the Council, which are listed in Anex II, the call for the Second Symposium – Workshop, which was held in Buenos Aires on October 10, 1992, and the elaboration of the statutes of the entity.
The National Academy of Medicine and the Certification Council of Medical Professionals (CCPM) aim to promote reliable certification mechanisms and their periodic revalidation, which guarantee the quality of medical acts and patient safety. To this end, its purpose is to agree with the adhered entities on the mechanisms of certification and periodic revalidation, guaranteeing the quality thereof.
The objective of the agreement is to establish a standard that allows obtaining national bases for certification and its periodic revalidation, in accordance with the topics developed in the Workshops and Conferences that took place at the National Academy of Medicine on September 22 and 23, 1995, about certification; and on September 29, 2009, on June 24, 2011 and September 29, 2012 about medical certification and its periodic revalidation. [/su_spoiler]
INTERRELATION BETWEEN SPECIALTIES AND ADDED QUALIFICATIONS
Each specialty or medical discipline must be framed within one of the following denominations:
- Basic specialty: the one which requires only the title of doctor to access their training.
- Post-basic specialty: the one that has unique skills and requires prior training in a basic specialty to access their training. It is not necessary to certify or revalidate the basic specialty if it is not exercised along with post-basic.
- Aggregate qualification: the one that can be accessed from different basic or post-basic specialties and that, according to the previous training, can condition different incumbencies or competences. The professional must validate the specialty that qualifies him for the special capacity, in addition to the latter.
THE MEANING OF PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION:
Medical certification involves the assessment of their training process and professional quality, regardless of the legal and administrative effects that may have. Therefore, to better understand its purpose, it must be distinguished from the professional qualification -which gives the doctor the right to exercise its activity- and the authorization to advertise -as a specialist- that is a kind of partial qualification within a limited segment of medicine.
Certification is considered as a voluntary process (available to all professionals, but applied only to those who expressly request it), carried out by peers (through scientific societies and other entities that participate in the system) and periodically, (which means, that in the future, certification can be revalidated, even when the requirements change as the professional trajectory progresses). For this reason, it is important to insist that, being the whole process of a voluntary nature, the certification does not constitute a qualifying title of a specialist nor does it authorize advertising as such, but rather guarantees that the interested party has fulfilled technical and moral requirements that mean an endorsement of the quality of their training and their professional practice.
The execution of the certification procedures is in charge of the corresponding scientific entities -except that there were not any- and the CCPM recognizes and gives its endorsement to the task carried out, granting the certified professionals the diploma that accredits it. Also, in the act of receiving the diploma, the doctor signs a commitment to regulate their professional activity by a “decalogue” of moral and deontological standards, established by the World Medical Association, whose text is listed in Anex III.
CURRENT SITUATION AND PERSPECTIVE
The CCPM, an autonomous, independent, private and strictly medical entity, sponsored by the National Academy of Medicine, is integrated with active members, both the founders and those who are incorporated, and with institutional members that are the scientific entities with which the Council has signed agreements for certification and those other medical entities (university, professional, collegiate, etc.) that -each one within its field of competence- are united by a common purpose of improving the quality of technical and ethical-moral performance of the doctors and, in this way, contribute to the achievement of better levels of health for our population.
El Consejo ha celebrado convenios con Numerosas entidades científicas, cuya nómina se indica en el Anexo IV, y está en proceso de hacerlo con otras más que también comparten los objetivos generales de la certificación y el mantenimiento de los niveles de calidad profesional apropiados para nuestro país. Dichos convenios, en lo substantivo, establecen:
1. that the CCPM recognizes the program carried out by the signatory entity and grants it the corresponding guarantee;
2. that the Council will grant its certification to professionals who approve the program recognized by the agreement;
3. that such certification is extended to professionals who have approved said program prior to recognition, whenever they so request. The first diplomas were delivered to Certified Physicians at the public event on August 3, 1993, in the Aula Magna of the National Academy of Medicine; a new act of delivery has taken place on November 16th, and it is the Council’s intention to do it in the future several times a year and also in cities of the interior of the country. The generalization of the certification program will necessarily be a slow process: its extension to branches of medicine; the improvement of the evaluation processes of training and professional programs and their modernization, the prudent promotion of recertification; the federalization of some activities and updated information to the community.
Anex V describes the minimum requirements required for certification and its maintenance.
The composition of the current Board of Directors Committee is indicated below and operates at the headquarters of the National Academy of Medicine, Las Heras 3092, 1425, Buenos Aires, Tel / Fax: 806-8421.